Achievement of the basic competences:
Competence means being capable of using the knowledge and skills that a person has in daily life contexts and situations.
Being competent implies understanding situations, thinking about what is happening and deciding what the best course of action is. The term competence includes knowledge (theoretical knowledge), skills (practical knowledge) as well as attitudes (personal commitment). It goes beyond the knowledge and the know-hows, it also includes knowing how to be.
For the mandatory education we can identify 8 basic competences:
- Communicative, linguistic and audiovisual competence: It is the base of all the learning and it allows the understanding and expression of reality.
- Artistic and cultural competence: It facilitates the expression and communication as it entails knowing, participating and assessing both their own and other people’s artistic and cultural manifestations.
- Treatment of information and digital competence: It goes from the access to information to its transmission using information and communication technologies (TIC).
- Mathematical competence: It helps decrypt the codes and messages offered by the environment and the resolution of situations based on research through reasoning.
- Learning to learn competence: The key for the achievement of a good learning is in the study techniques, resources and procedures to procure efficiently a good learning.
- Autonomy and personal initiative competence: It concers the acquisicion and application of a group of values and attitudes (responsibility, perseverance, knowledge of oneself, self-esteem…) and forces having social skills, establishing relationships and working in team.
- Knowledge and interaction with the physical world competence: Learning from the experience parting from theoretical knowledge.
- Social and citizenship competence: Learning to cohabit socially and respecting social, natural and environmental settings.